1988 / Definitely Superior Art Gallery, Thunder Bay Indian Friendship Centre, Thunder Bay, ON

In 1987, Belmore heard “Thom E. Hawke & the Pineneedles” on CBC’s late night radio program called Brave New Waves. She invited the band to Thunder Bay to workshop with local Indigenous participants for a period of one week, with the intention of mounting a performance of the newly created spoken word pieces and songs at the Indian Friendship Centre’s Satellite Community Centre. Belmore wrote a tune titled “Trauma Mama” during this workshop. Howuh! is an Anishinaabe expression of amazement or excitement, at another’s or one’s own actions.

Video credit: Hamish Pelletier